Fruit and Melon 瓜果

熱情果(Passion Fruit)

  • 特點:又名百香果,多年生蔓藤植物,葉腋長出卷鬚作為攀爬工具。熱情果的花像一個時鐘,有時針、分針、秒針的構造,故另有「時計果」的稱號。常見成熟的熱情果是紫色,另有黃色品種,水份及甜度相對較高。

  • 種法:需日照充足,土壤疏鬆通氣、排水功能好。枝蔓生長具有連續生長特性,只要條件適宜,一年四季都可連續開花、結果。

  • 用法:熱情果可當水果食用,亦可製作飲品及甜品。熱情果含豐富維他命C,能維持身體免疫力及抗衰老。熱情果亦含其他抗氧化物,具消炎作用,可減少粉刺暗瘡、牙周炎等問題。

  • Introduction (description): Passion fruit is a vine species of passion flower. The mature fruit is in either yellow or dark color. 

  • Guide to planting: It best grows in well-drained soil. 

  • Uses: Passion fruit, apparently, is a fruit, and it is a fruit which can be made into drinks or desserts. Passion fruit is high in nutrients, fiber, and antioxidants. 

熱情果-語音導賞
Passion Fruit - Audio
熱情果.jpg
熱情果1.jpg

牛油果 (Avocado)

  • 特點:生長於熱帶的樟科樹的果實。綠色外皮,成熟後變深啡色,果肉柔軟似牛油且有豐富的脂肪含量。

  • 種法:生長環境需要無霜少風,風大的地方會減少濕度,令花朵脫水,影響授粉;霜凍會使未成熟的果實掉下。

  • 用法:通常會搭配其他食材或調味料生食,如沙律、加入牛奶打成牛油果牛奶、牛油果醬和加州捲等。

  • Introduction (description): Avocado is of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The skin of ripe avocadoes is black and rough, and the flesh is light green and smooth.

  • Guide to planting: Avocadoes should not be grown in a snowy or windy place, in which the flower of an avocado will dehydrate or an unripe avocado will drop.

  • Uses: Avocado flesh is used in different cuisines, for example, salads, milk drink, and sushi.

牛油果-語音導賞
Avocado-Audio

 藍莓 (Blueberry)

  • 特點:越橘屬中的藍色漿果,原生於北美洲與東亞,為灌木。帶有喇叭形的冠在末端,一開始呈淺綠色,成熟後為紫藍色。

  • 種法:喜歡排水良好 ,偏酸性,並富含有機質的土壤 。喜歡陽光但亦有耐冷,怕高溫的特性。

  • 用法:可作生果直接食用,也可用在果凍、果醬、雪糕或其他甜品上,含有高量的花青素。

  • Introduction (description): Blueberries are a group of perennial flower plants native to North America. The color of blueberries shows the stages of maturation, from immature green, through green and blue pink, to ripe blue. 

  • Guide to planting:  Blueberries need acidic soil, whose texture should be light and free-draining. It is best to grow them in a sunny position, but not in extremely hot weather. 

  • Uses: Blueberries, as a kind of fruit, are frequently used in ice-cream making, jam, jelly, and other desserts. Containing dietary fiber, blueberries are also an excellent source of Vitamin C and K. 

Blueberry - Audio
藍莓

 菠蘿 (Pineapple)

  • 特點:原產於南美洲的熱帶水果,為禾本目鳳梨科鳳梨屬植物,劍狀葉片,果肉成熟後為黃色。

  • 種法:喜熱、喜陽光、喜水 ,喜歡生長在富含養分、排水能力強且鬆軟的土壤環境下。

  • 用法:可以生吃或製成果汁,亦可作配料如菠蘿抄飯,咕嚕肉等, 多汁酸甜,可解暑和促進消化。

  • Introduction (description): The pineapple, indigenous to South America, is a tropical plant in the family Bromeliaceae. While pineapple leaves bear sharp uncurved spines on the edges, the flesh of a pineapple is yellow. 

  • Guide to planting:  Pineapples enjoy hot, sunny climates, with moist and loamy soil.  

  • Uses: The flesh and juice of the pineapple are commonly used in different cuisines, for example, pineapple fried rice and sweet-sour pork.  

Pineapple - Audio
菠蘿-語音導賞

 提子 (Grape)

  • 特點:又稱葡萄,落葉藤本植物。粉紅色枝蔓细長,近圓形單葉,葉缘有鋸齒。果實是醬果類水果,多為圓形或橢圓形。

  • 種法:生長期要求温暖、陽光充足、夏季長期乾燥等。最適宜温度為25 - 30℃。

  • 用法:葡萄可以生吃,生產果醬、果汁、果凍、葡萄籽精華素、葡萄酒、醋、葡萄籽油等等。

  • Introduction (description): A grape, is a fruit of a woody vine of the flowering plant genus Vitis. The leaves are curated, heart-shaped, with multiple lobes. 

  • Guide to planting:  Grape must be grown in a warm (25-30 degree Celsius) climate and with full sunlight. 

  • Uses: There are numerous uses of grapes: as the whole fruit, in juices, jellies, wine, grapeseed oil, etc. 

提子-語音導賞
Grape - Audio

 無花果Fig

  • 特點:果實呈球根狀,花生長於果內。桑科榕屬,主要生長於熱帶和溫帶。
    種法:喜歡溫暖、乾燥、排水良好的砂質壤土,適於露天下種植,但在日照強盛時需防日燒。
    用法:無花果可以新鮮的時候吃,也可以晒乾了吃,或做成果醬、糕點。富含膳食纖維和多種抗氧化劑、黄酮和多酚。

  • Introduction (description): Fig is an edible fruit of Ficus carica, a flowering plant of the family Moraceae, mainly grown in tropical and temperate areas. 

  • Guide to planting:  Fig trees should be kept in full sun, and best grow in well-drained soils. 

  • Uses: Figs can be eaten raw or dried or used in jam-making or pastry. They contain high mineral and fiber content. 

無花果-語音導賞
Fig - Audio

 哈蜜瓜Hami Melon

  • 特點:是甜瓜品種之一,以新疆哈密所產最為著名,故稱為哈密瓜。

  • 種法:喜歡充足的陽光和較大的晝夜溫差,在酸鹼度大約6.5左右的沙質土壤比較合適,要保持土壤的濕潤程度。

  • 用法:作生果直接食用,味道清甜可口,富含各種營養元素和天然物質成分,對人體有很好的保健作用。

  • Introduction (description): The Hami melon is a type of muskmelon from Hami, Xinjiang, China. 

  • Guide to planting:  The Hami melon likes full sunlight and a high difference in the day and night temperature. It best grows on sandy loam soils, with a pH value between 6.0 and 6.5. 

  • Uses: The Hami melon is eaten as a fruit. With a fresh and sweet taste, it contains various nutrients beneficial to our body. 

哈密瓜-語音導賞
Hami Melon - Audio

 辣椒Chili Pepper

  • 特點:是甜瓜品種之一,以新疆哈密所產最為著名,故稱為哈密瓜。

  • 種法:喜歡充足的陽光和較大的晝夜溫差,在酸鹼度大約6.5左右的沙質土壤比較合適,要保持土壤的濕潤程度。

  • 用法:作生果直接食用,味道清甜可口,富含各種營養元素和天然物質成分,對人體有很好的保健作用。

  • Introduction (description): Chili peppers are varieties of the berry-fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum originated in Bolivia. The leaves of chili peppers are oval-shaped, and the flowers are white. The green, unripe chili peppers, once they become ripe, will turn red. 

  • Guide to planting:  Chili peppers like warm, dry weather. It is best to keep the soil moist, but be careful that overwatering may drown the plants. 

  • Uses: Chili peppers contain rich Vitamin C  and carotene, and are normally used as a spice or seasoning. 

辣椒-語音導賞
Chili Pepper - Audio

 青瓜Cucumber

  • 特點:果實為圓柱形,熟時為黃綠色,表皮粗糙。又稱為「黃瓜」,是一種常見的瓜類蔬菜,屬葫蘆科,源自印度。

  • 種法:需要保持土壤微濕。長至30cm時,搭建攀爬架,使其附着在架子生長。

  • 用法:常用作涼菜,可以加到沙律、三文治中,亦會用作熱炒或腌制菜品中,更可以用來榨汁或泡水作飲料。青瓜含有的充足水份、膳食纖維和抗氧化物,有助控制體重和預防癌症。

  • Introduction (description): Cucumber is of the Cucurbitaceae family in India. It has various colors, from creamy yellow to pale or dark green.  Cucumbers have a cylindrical shape. 

  • Guide to planting:  Cucumbers can be grown in well-drained soil, and must be in full sunlight. It is recommended to use a trellis to support cucumbers, a creeping vine. 

  • Uses: It is common to see cold dishes like salads with cucumbers. Cucumbers can also be fried or pickled, squeezed into juice or drinks. Cucumber fruits consist of 95% water. 

青瓜-語音導賞
Cucumber - Audio

 秋葵Okra

  • 特點:錦葵科,通常認為原產於非洲西部至衣索比亞一帶。莖有散刺,葉片至果實披有稀疏硬毛,花呈淺黃色,內面基部為紫色。

  • 種法:耐高溫,喜歡溫暖和乾旱的環境。宜在春季或秋季播種,倘遇寒流,將嚴重影響產量。

  • 用法:秋葵的果實可作蔬菜食用,口感軟糯粘滑,富含各種營養及多種維生素,可助人消除疲勞,快速恢復體力。

  • Introduction (description): Okra is a flowering plant in the mallow family. The geographical origin is not known, but it is always thought of as Western African or Ethiopian origin. 

  • Guide to planting:  Warm and dry environment is ideal for growing okra. It is suitable to sow okra seeds in Spring or Autumn. 

  • Uses: The pods of okra can be eaten raw or cooked, with a soft and sticky texture. Raw okra is a rich source of different vitamins and dietary fiber. 

秋葵-語音導賞
Okra - Audio

 早綠小冬瓜Winter Melon

  • 特點:屬早熟品種,果實圓筒形,果皮青綠色,有綠斑點,具茸毛和光澤。

  • 種法:抗病耐熱,適應力強,上架爬地栽培均可,適宜春秋季種植。

  • 用法:作瓜果類蔬菜食用,肉質厚實。

  • Introduction (description): Winter melon is the only member of the genus Benincasa. The young fruit is covered in hairs, which will lose when developed into a green waxy coating. The melon has a cylindrical shape.

  • Guide to planting:  It is best to be grown in warm and mild climates, and in well-drained loam.

  • Uses: The flesh of winter melon is white, and tastes sweet, with a water-rich texture. 

早綠小冬瓜-語音導賞
Winter Melon

 苦瓜Bitter Melon

  • 特點:又名涼瓜,是葫蘆科植物。原產地一般是熱帶地區。莖、枝、葉柄及花梗披有柔毛,葉片呈橢圓形,外沿有鋸齒。

  • 種法:對養分的需求量很大,土壤宜肥沃、深厚、保水保肥力強,適合生長環境溫度在15-35℃ 範圍。

  • 用法:可以生吃,也可以熟吃。具有消暑清熱,解毒、健胃的功效。

  • Introduction (description): Bitter melon is a vine originated from tropical Asian. While the stems, branches, petioles, and pedicels are furry, the shape of the leave is a maple leaf. 

  • Guide to planting:  Bitter melon needs a lot of nutrient to grow healthy. The ideal temperature to grow it is between 15 to 35 degree Celsius. 

  • Uses: Bitter melon can be eaten raw. Some claim that it may be good for stomach. 

苦瓜-語音導賞
Bitter melon - Audio

 薑黃Turmeric

  • 特點:薑科薑黃屬植物。原產於亞洲熱帶地區,印度東南部。會開出白色和紫色尾端的花朵,根莖為深黃色。

  • 種法:喜歡溫暖、濕潤的環境,抗旱能力差,生長旺盛期需充足陽光。土壤宜肥沃,保濕力強。

  • 用法:通常將其根莖磨成粉末,可作煮食或虊用,嚐起來味苦而辛,帶點土味。主成分薑黃素具有一些醫療保健的效果,功效包括:抗發炎、預防心血管疾病、防失智、防癌症、抗憂鬱、改善膚質等。

  • Introduction (description): Turmeric is a flowering plant of the Ginger family, originating from tropical Asia, South-East India. The color of the flower is white tinged with reddish-purple, with bright yellow petals. 

  • Guide to planting:  The ideal environment for growing turmeric is warm and humid weather. it is key to keep the soil moist, and under strong sunlight.

  • Uses: Turmeric can be made into (yellow) powder, which tastes spicy-bitter and contains curcumin.  Some studies show that curcumin may have anti-disease effects or health benefits. 

薑黃-語音導賞
Turmeric - Audio

檸檬樹 (Lemon Tree)

  • 開花季節:春夏花較多,產期主要在7-12月

  • 種法:適合天氣熱。土壤排水要好,要較鹼性。宜密密地少量灌溉及施肥。

  • 飲料:檸檬汁常用於調製飲品,例如檸茶檸水、凍檸樂鹹檸七、檸檬咖啡及檸檬益力多。地道香港飲品則有檸樂煲薑。

  • Introduction (description): Lemon trees usually blossom in spring and summer while bearing fruits between July and December.

  • Guide to planting: They like hot weather and well-drained soil that is relatively alkaline. It is best to irrigate and fertilize the plant frequently and lightly.

  • Uses: Lemon juice is often used in beverages, such as lemon tea, lemonade, lemon coke, lemon coffee, etc. One of the well-known local beverages is made by boiling coke with ginger and lemon.

檸檬樹-語音導賞

矮腳蕉 (Dwarf Cavendish Banana)

  • 特色:四種香蕉當中的矮型香蕉,原產於中國西南地區。

  • 種法:土壤排水要好。不宜生於寒冷之地。避免種在豆類或瓜類旁邊。

  • 用法:作生果用,肉質柔軟,香甜可口。

  • Introduction (description): Comparatively short and chubby, the dwarf banana is one of the four categories of banana, native to southwest China.

  • Guide to planting: It grows best with well-drained soil and warm weather. Avoid planting beans and melons nearby.

  • Uses: As a fruit, the Dwarf Cavendish Banana is soft and sweet in taste.

矮腳蕉-語音導賞