Hydroponics Vegetables 水耕菜

牛油生菜  (Butter Lettuce)

牛油生菜,原產地為地中海沿岸地區。葉色翠綠光亮,味甜而質感軟滑,咀嚼時像在口中融化,融化得似是柔軟的牛油,故此名為「牛油」生菜。牛油生菜含有豐富的鐵質和鉀質,最適合做沙律菜食用。

 

Butter lettuce, also known as Boston, Bibb, round or butterhead lettuce, is a type of lettuce originating in the Mediterranean area. Its soft texture makes one feel like it’s melting in your mouth, like butter. It is high in iron and potassium, and is most suitable for salad dishes.

Butter Lettuce - Audio
牛油生菜-語音導賞

紅生菜  (Red Leaf Lettuce)

紅生菜,原生於歐洲。味甘但不苦澀,口感爽脆而嫩口。菜色要長得健康、紫紫紅紅的,要在陽光充足下生長。紅色的菜來自花青素,而花青素能顧眼護腦。除了做沙律菜外,紅生菜也可以做葉片包肉,或打邊爐。

 

Red leaf lettuce originated in Europe. It has a semi-bitter flavour, while its texture is crisp. In order for its leaf to grow red, it has to grow under full sun. What makes the lettuce red is anthocyanin, which can benefit the eyes and brain. It is most suitable for salad dishes.

Red Leaf Lettuce - Audio
紅生菜-語音導賞

羽衣甘藍 (Kale)

羽衣甘藍 ,源自黑海和地中海之間的地區和東邊的地中海。羽衣甘藍品種繁多,有綠色捲葉 (最常見)、紅色捲葉、黑捲心葉 (恐龍)、平葉、羽狀葉等。普遍來說,羽衣甘藍味道偏苦,纖維較粗,但營養價值十分高,含有極高的維生素。羽衣甘藍多用於沙律、蔬果汁和快炒。

Kale originated in the eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor. There are many varieties of kale: for example, green curly kale, red curly kale, nero black kale, hungry gap kale, red russian kale, etc. In general, it has a slightly bitter taste, with high dietary fiber, while it is nutrient rich: for example, high in vitamins. Kale is good for salad, juice and pan-fried.

 

Kale - Audio
羽衣甘藍-語音導賞

銀邊生菜 (Silver Leaf Lettuce)

新品種 New Species

芝麻菜 Arugula Lettuce

芝麻菜,又名為火箭菜,歐洲和中亞原產。波浪形菜邊,菜片瘦長,似羽毛,顏色嫩綠。食落芝麻味香濃,然後回甘或者嗆辣。食用芝麻葉可抗氧化,提高體內免疫力。芝麻菜可以生食,也常見用來做披薩和意粒。

Arugula lettuce, also known as rocket lettuce (in the UK), originated in Europe and Central Asia. Its leaf shape is like a feather with a fresh green color. It first tastes with strong sesame flavor, then followed by a slightly bitter taste. It appears to be high in antioxidants which support the immune system. It can be eaten raw, but also used in making pizza and pasta.

芥末生菜 Mustard Lettuce

芥末生菜, 日本菜也。裂狀葉,色綠,味辛辣嗆口,含有鎂、鈣等。廣泛用於生魚片、壽司等料理中。炒食也可,口感鮮嫩,但嗆辣味會減少。

Mustard lettuce (scientific name: brassica juncea 'wasabina'), whose leaves are green and fur-like, tastes spicy, while containing rich magnesium, calcium. It is widely used in sushi and Japanese cuisine. After being fried, it will become tender, but lose its spicy flavor.

(紅)羅馬生菜 (Red) Romaine Lettuce 

羅馬生菜,土生卡中東和地中海一帶。菜色綠如翡翠,紅羅馬生菜則會紅得發紫。葉片寛大,爽脆多汁,味帶清甜,略有回甘。羅馬生菜含豐富膳食纖維、維他命C及礦物元素,最適合做沙律菜食用,特別是凱撒沙拉。

Romaine lettuce originated in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. With a light emerald green color, or a purple-red color, it has a wide leaf shape, and is crunchy and juicy. It tastes sweet and fresh, with a slightly bitter after taste. It contains rich deity fiber, vitamin C and minerals, and is most suitable for salads, especially Caesar salads.

(紅色)小松菜 (Red) Kosmatsuna

日本小松菜,最初於東京的「小松川」地區栽種。菜狀渾圓而厚實,葉色深綠,或者紫紅,味甘甜而青澀。富含維生素C、β胡蘿蔔素及礦物質。可生食、醃漬、熱炒、汆燙,也可打成果汁。

Kosmatsuna,  also known as Japanese mustard spinach, originated in Tokyo, Japan. Its leaf shape is round, with a dark green or purple-red color. While having a bitter-sweet flavor, it contains rich vitamin C, β-carotene and minerals. Besides being eaten raw, it can also be pickled, fried, blanched, or made into juice.